Imperial Japanese Army Intelligence in North and Central China During the Second Sino-Japanese War


  • Simon Hall University of Adelaide


Japanese intelligence, Second World War, China, puppet armies


The Japanese today seek to improve their national intelligence apparatus, particularly in relation to human intelligence assets and higher echelon coordination. To be successful, Japan must examine its wartime past in the intelligence field. The Imperial Japanese Army maintained a prolific intelligence presence in North and Central China during the Second World War. Its intelligence apparatus encompassed all aspects of information collection, with considerable overlap between intelligence organisations in an effort to avoid gaps in intelligence coverage. Japan’s intelligence system in North and Central China was nevertheless inefficient, exacerbated by inherent weaknesses and reactive rather than proactive alterations throughout the course of the conflict. This paper examines this lack of efficacy within Japan’s intelligence system during the Second Sino-Japanese conflict, and the efforts made to overcome difficulties faced by Japanese intelligence in North and Central China throughout this period.

Author Biography

Simon Hall, University of Adelaide

Simon Hall is a PhD student at the University of Adelaide, Australia. He holds the degrees of Bachelor of International Studies and Master of Arts (International Studies). His doctoral research centers on Japanese intelligence from the First Sino-Japanese War to the end of Second World War. His broader research interests lay in the subject areas of intelligence studies, international relations, and strategic studies as they pertain to North and East Asia.




How to Cite

Hall, S. (2014). Imperial Japanese Army Intelligence in North and Central China During the Second Sino-Japanese War. Salus Journal, 2(2), 16–30. Retrieved from



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